From a Mother's Knee to a Child's Heart
A Parent's Resource for Teaching and 
Nurturing a New Generation of Patriots 

Hearthstone Education Plan

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4-8 Years (Primary and Junior)

Objectives:  When children are between the ages of 4-8 they show a natural desire and curiosity for learning.  They are also developing a moral code and value system of their own.  A parent's influence is paramount at this stage.  The objectives for a 4-8 year old child include:  

  • Education of the heart with great children's literature, history stories, art, and music
  • Develop core values through story, example, and family work routines
  • Guide the child in their understanding of right and wrong, good and bad, true and false
  • Preserve the JOY of learning through hands on discovery and experiences
  • Remember that children learn through play.  These early years should be filled with a variety of play opportunities. 
  • Begin basic reading and math lessons for a few hours each week only after the child shows an interest. 

What does a typical school day look like? 

*  "Structured School Time" for Primary and Junior Students

*Structured time works well for neighborhood co-ops and commonwealth schools.  Families may want to alter the schedule to meet their needs.

1st Hour
Stories from Scripture
 The Vineyard
 Final Hour
Stories from History 
and Classic Literature

Structured school time begins with a group devotional and Stories from Scripture



Prayer (Invocation)

Pledge of Allegiance


Brief thought or recitation by a student


Special musical  number by a student


Religious Study:

Options include:


Stories from the Story Bible

Children's Bible Stories

Other scripture readers and religious teachings consistent with your  religious beliefs

Children's Religious Music:


Use variety to improve teaching of religious subjects.  Some ideas include:

  • Object lessons
  • Music
  • Activity verses and fingerplays
  • Dioramas
  • Dramatizations
  • Drawing activities
  • Felt figures
  • Flannel boards
  • Games
  • Maps
  • Memorization
  • Paper stand-up figures
  • Plastic or wooden figurines
  • Pictures
  • Role Play

This time is set aside for personal study according to the age and development of the child.  Subjects include math, language arts, and science.  Parents choose resources for their children.  

Options include:

  • Create Educational Scrapbooks: This is a great way to preserve your children's work and share it with others. Junior A students are encouraged to create scrapbooks that nurture their sense of belonging.  Click here for more information.  

  • Spark Stations: Discover the value of Spark Stations to inspire learning and preserve the JOY of discovery!   The idea of Spark Stations was developed by Mary Ann Johnson.  Her ideas include discovery in the area of math, science and language arts.  You can learn more at her website:

  • Math:  We hope children can discover the JOY of mathematics with math games and manipulatives.  Click here to see some of our favorite resources for hands-on math activities.

  • Language Arts:  Reading books and storytelling are essential at this age.  Parents are wise when they wait to begin reading lessons until their child shows interest.  Click here for Language Arts resources.  

  • The Three R's by Ruth Beechick:   This little book may be all you need for K-3 children in the areas of Reading, Writing, and Arithmatic. No pile of textbooks and workbooks.  This book removes the mystery from phonics.  Anybody can teach it at home.  Arithmetic is easy with the methods explained here.  The writing section explains and illustrates the method of copying and dictating.  This requires no set of workbooks, only storybooks and the Bible that you already have at home or in your local library. Available at Rainbow Resource.  

  • Science:  Young children may participate in science as they discover their beautiful world.  Fun science experiments for this age can be found on our Science page. Children are encouraged to create their own Science scrapbook to display their discoveries. Please note:  Several readings in the McGuffey Readers will explore science topics.

  • Montessori Method Resources available at The Helpful Garden.  (many of these are free printables)

Structured school time ends with an hour segment for group study of the Stories from History and Classic Literature

This includes a combination of great literature, history, poetry, art, and music. 

This is followed by a closing devotional:

    Closing Song

    Closing prayer (Benediction)

Resources for teaching the Stories from History and Classic Literature:

Top Choice:  Well-Educated Heart by Marlene Peterson

This story guide is available as a free pdf download and will guide families through the Forgotten Classics Family Library.

Select resources from the guide for children 8 and under. This guide will be used for all children 4-12 so there will be ample opportunity to use the other resources as children grow older. 

The Well-Educated Heart Story Guide includes ideas for this segment of the day as well as movies for family viewing throughout the week and books for independent reading. 

Additional options during the final hour:

  • Wee Sing Music CDs are a great resource to add music to this learning time. 

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